A few days ago the Pope has accepted the resignation of Archbishop of Lima that, under the rules of the Church, Cardinal Juan Luis Cipriani introduced him to turn 75 years old buy youtube views . At the same time, Francisco has appointed priest Carlos Castillo as his replacement. These decisions have caused the Pope to come to light that many of the faithful are not familiar with the difference between being archbishop and a cardinal, or place the Archbishop of Lima Church in Peru. “The Pope has appointed a new cardinal from Lima,” some have said. “The Church in Peru has a new leader,” others have said. Neither one thing nor the other is true.
Indeed, archbishops and bishops are successors of the apostles and exceptions, each of them is responsible for a particular Church, they serve as vicars of Christ, authentic teachers of the faith and pastors (cfr. CD, 1-3). The appointment does the pope as bishop of Rome, is the successor of St. Peter and head of the episcopal college and, therefore, the other bishops are subordinate only to him.
The college of cardinals, for its part, is an aid to the Pope in the government of the universal Church (CCC, c.349). It is composed mostly of archbishops, but also by bishops and even by priests who are not bishops. This means that one can be an archbishop and not be a cardinal, and one can be a cardinal without being an
archbishop. Father Castillo has not been instituted a cardinal but archbishop of Lima and, as such, he will only be in charge of the Church of Lima; but even if the Pope made him a cardinal, he would not be the head of the Church in Peru, just as neither Cardinal Cipriani nor his predecessors have been, because each bishop depends directly on the Pope. However, by having the oldest archdiocese of our country in charge, like its predecessors,